Donate

Mathewson Stephen W. - The manual for the home and farm production of alcohol fuel


Author : Mathewson Stephen W.
Title : The manual for the home and farm production of alcohol fuel
Year : 1980

Link download : Mathewson_Stephen_W_-_The_manual_for_the_home_and_farm_production_of_alcohol_fuel.zip

Chapter 1. An overview. Alcohol fuel. There is nothing new in the use of alcohol as a motor fuel. In 1872, when Nikolaus Otto invented the internal combustion engine, gasoline was not available. Ethyl alcohol at 180-190 proof was the specified fuel. The model "T" Ford was designed to run on the available crude gasolines, alcohol, or any combination of the two. Alcohols in general and ethanol, in particular, make excellent motor fuels. The reason alcohol fuel has not been fully exploited is that, up until now, gasoline has been cheap, available, and easy to produce. However, crude oil is getting scarce, and the historic price differential between alcohol and gasoline is getting narrower. Currently there is a big push to find and develop alternative sources of energy so that dwindling reserves of crude oil and other fossil fuels may be conserved. As Edward Teller, one of this country's leading physicists points out: "No single prescription exists for a solution to the energy problem. Energy conservation is not enough. Petroleum is not enough. Coal is not enough. Nuclear energy is not enough. Solar and geothermal energy are not enough. New ideas and developments will not be enough by themselves. Only the proper combination of all of these will suffice." Alcohol fuel can be an important part of the solution, but it is by no means a panacea. If all of the available agricultural surplus were converted to ethanol, alcohol would supply less than 5% of our motor fuel needs. Add the possibility of converting cellulose residues to ethanol and general biomass to methanol, and the most optimistic total falls short of 10% of our present needs! However, this is a very important 5 or 10% because it can be renewed each year, and each gallon of alcohol produced will save a gallon of oil. Uses of alcohol fuel. One very important fact about alcohol fuel should be stressed. Alcohol is an excellent alternative motor fuel for gasoline engines. It is not a suitable alternative for home heating or for essentially stationary power requirements. The production of alcohol consumes energy. Exactly how much depends on the feedstock (raw material) and the efficiency of the distillation process. In a small operation, it would not be uncommon to expend 30-40,000 Btu per gallon of ethanol. It would be more sensible, in a home heating situation, to use whatever fuel you would use to run the still directly rather than using it to produce alcohol. The real advantage of alcohol is that it can be burned in the millions of existing vehicles with little or no modification. Alcohol fuel should only be considered for the jobs it can do best. ...


Voir aussi

Soutenir le Site ! Le savoir n'est pas gratuit

Les ouvrages mis en partage sur ce site le sont gratuitement. Mais maintenir en ligne un tel site...

Continue reading

Moody Raymond - La vie après la vie

Auteur : Moody Raymond Ouvrage : La vie après la vie Année : 1975 Lien de téléchargement :...

Continue reading

Monroe Robert Allan - Journeys out of the body

Author : Monroe Robert Allan Title : Journeys out of the body Year : 1971 Link download :...

Continue reading

Gotzsche Peter - Remèdes mortels et crime organisé

Auteur : Gotzsche Peter C. Ouvrage : Remèdes mortels et crime organisé Comment l’industrie...

Continue reading

Watt Fiona - Je tricote

Auteur : Watt Fiona Ouvrage : Je tricote Année : 2008 Lien de téléchargement :...

Continue reading

La couture pour débutants

Auteur : Collectif d'auteurs Ouvrage : La couture pour débutants Année : 2004 Lien de...

Continue reading




ARYANA LIBRIS
Aryana Libris
Recension d'ouvrages au format numérique PDF